Jan 19, 2022
As we advised in Tax Tip 20-04 , significant additional disclosure and filing requirements for trusts were announced in the 2018 Federal Budget and are scheduled to apply for trust’s 2021 and subsequent tax years.
“Control in fact must be determined by considering all relevant factors.”
In the case of Timco Holdings Limited vs. The Queen (2003-1710(IT) G), the Court had to decide whether WCD Developments Limited (“Developments”) was associated with Timco Holdings Limited (“Holdings”). Developments was controlled by Mr. Duntz. Holdings was owned 50% by Developments and 50% by a non-resident not related to Mr. Duntz. Developments and Holdings carried on most of their businesses through a joint venture. Developments owned 38% of the joint venture and Holdings 30%. The non-resident had arranged for Mr. Duntz to act as a director and to serve as the president of Holdings in order to expedite the signing of documents.
The CRA assessed the corporations as associated on the basis that Mr. Duntz had “de facto control” of both corporations.
The Court reviewed a number of cases and determined that, in order for there to be de facto control, a person must have a clear right and ability to effect a significant change in the Board of Directors or the powers of the Board of Directors or to influence directly the shareholders who would otherwise have the ability to elect the Board. After considering all the facts, the Court held that Mr. Duntz could not control the election of the directors of Holdings because:
It was clear in the joint venture agreement that nothing could be done without unanimous agreement, so Mr. Duntz did not control Holdings.
When an individual is involved with two corporations, a careful review is required to ensure that the individual does not have de facto control of both, if it is important that the corporations not be associated.
TAX TIP OF THE WEEK is provided as a free service to clients and friends of the Tax Specialist Group member firms. The Tax Specialist Group is a national affiliation of firms who specialize in providing tax consulting services to other professionals, businesses and high net worth individuals on Canadian and international tax matters and tax disputes.
The material provided in Tax Tip of the Week is believed to be accurate and reliable as of the date it is written. Tax laws are complex and are subject to frequent change. Professional advice should always be sought before implementing any tax planning arrangements. Neither the Tax Specialist Group nor any member firm can accept any liability for the tax consequences that may result from acting based on the contents hereof.
TAX TIP is provided as a free service to clients and friends of Cadesky Tax.
The material provided in Tax Tip is believed to be accurate and reliable as of the date of posting. Tax laws are complex and are subject to frequent change. Professional advice should always be sought before implementing any tax planning arrangements. Cadesky Tax cannot accept any liability for the tax consequences that may result from acting based on the contents hereof.