Jan 19, 2022
As we advised in Tax Tip 20-04 , significant additional disclosure and filing requirements for trusts were announced in the 2018 Federal Budget and are scheduled to apply for trust’s 2021 and subsequent tax years.
“relief from some of the stringent administrative requirements.”
We recently discussed Allowable Business Investment Losses (“ABILs”) in Tax Tip 12-12. As a follow-up, a recent Tax Court of Canada decision Dhaliwal v. The Queen Dhaliwal highlights some of the administrative challenges that a taxpayer can face when claiming an ABIL. It is almost a certainty that a taxpayer’s ABIL claim will be reviewed by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). Dhaliwal highlights some of the challenges that many taxpayers encounter with the CRA when dealing with such a claim.
Mr. Dhaliwal was an employee of Mainland Sound and Communication Inc. In 2005, he loaned approximately $150,000 to Mainland. Ultimately Mr. Dhaliwal was unable to collect his debt, so he claimed an ABIL on his 2007 tax return. The CRA reviewed the ABIL claim and denied it for the sole reason that Mainland had not filed its corporate tax returns and hence the CRA could not determine if Mainland was a “small business corporation” under the Income Tax Act (“the Act”), as it was required to be for Dhaliwal to be allowed to claim the ABIL. However, the Tax Court ruled that the Act does not require the corporate borrower to file its tax returns in order for the creditor to be allowed to claim an ABIL.
The Tax Court also addressed whether Mr. Dhaliwal had made a valid election under the Act, to be able to claim his ABIL. Mr. Dhaliwal had filed his 2007 tax return electronically and the e-filing mechanism did not provide any way for him to make the election “in” his return, as required by the Act. Mr. Dhaliwal simply reported the ABIL on his electronically filed return, and did not mail a letter to the CRA stating that he was making the claim. The CRA took the (rather hard-line) position that Mr. Dhaliwal had not made the election “in” his return, but did not explain how he could have done this when filing electronically. The Tax Court ruled that he had made the election, because he had clearly disclosed the ABIL claim. The CRA did not appeal the decision further.
Practitioners and taxpayers should be somewhat relieved by the decision in Dhaliwal, as it may result in relief from some of the stringent administrative requirements imposed by the CRA when assessing ABIL claims.
TAX TIP OF THE WEEK is provided as a free service to clients and friends of the Tax Specialist Group member firms. The Tax Specialist Group is a national affiliation of firms who specialize in providing tax consulting services to other professionals, businesses and high net worth individuals on Canadian and international tax matters and tax disputes.
The material provided in Tax Tip of the Week is believed to be accurate and reliable as of the date it is written. Tax laws are complex and are subject to frequent change. Professional advice should always be sought before implementing any tax planning arrangements. Neither the Tax Specialist Group nor any member firm can accept any liability for the tax consequences that may result from acting based on the contents hereof.
TAX TIP is provided as a free service to clients and friends of Cadesky Tax.
The material provided in Tax Tip is believed to be accurate and reliable as of the date of posting. Tax laws are complex and are subject to frequent change. Professional advice should always be sought before implementing any tax planning arrangements. Cadesky Tax cannot accept any liability for the tax consequences that may result from acting based on the contents hereof.